طبیب دردمندان خواھد آمد

بیا جانا كه جانان خواھد آمد

امیر شاه خوبان خواھد آمد

بر اين دنیاى ظلمانى سرانجام

شھى چون ماه تابان خواھد آمد

گرفتاران پريشانان بیايید

كه شاه غمگساران خواھد آمد

الا اى بى پناھان ناله تا كى

پناه بى پناھان خواھد آمد

بگو از ما به جمع مستمندان

فضل و احسان خواھد آمد كه شاه

مريضان دردمندان مژده بادا

طبیب درد و درمان خواھد آمد

مكش اى دل زھجران آه سوزان

كه ديگر غم به پايان خواھد آمد

مكن ناله تو مظلوما ز ظالم

كه شاه دين و ايمان خواھد آمد

بسوز اى دشمن مولا كه مولا

بعز و جاه شايان خواھد آمد

ملايك در ركاب و التزامش

بجاھى بس فراوان خواھد آمد

مگر صاحب ندارد دين و قرآن

به قرآن عصر قرآن خواھد آمد

بسر آن پرچم نصر من اللّه

به كف شمشیر بران خواھد آمد

بشارت بادت اى شیعه كه مھدى

بقربانش سر و جان خواھد آمد

مخور غم چون به پايان روزگار انتظار آيد

بھار آيد رود سرماى دى آندم كه ھنگام

خزان بر تخت يغما چند روزى پیش ننشیند

شمار آيد صبا با جیش نوروزى و لطف بى

جھان از نو جوان گردد زانفاس مسیحايش

زار آيد اگر آن ماه كنعانى به صرف لاله

به پايان مى رسد تاريكى شبھاى غم افزا

كوھسار آيد چو خورشید جھان آرا برون از

فداى مقدمش سازم ھزاران بار جانم را

آيد اگر دانم ز روى لطف بر سويم نگار

دو چشمم منتظر بر دو چو يعقوب از غم يوسف

درگه گذار آيد كه شايد پیك مصرى را بدين

جھان در انتظار و من در امیدم كه تا روزى

.آيد ھمايون طلعتم مھدى به امر كردگار

“The law is a guarantee that the rights of individuals will be protected.”

 

Does always the law protect the rights of individuals?

Law can be defined as the set of rules and regulations which are enforced by the government to punish criminals, solve disputes between individuals and govern behaviours of individuals in the society. The history of law is as old as civilization.  Law was practised by the ancient Egyptian civilization as early as 3000 BC. Often there was a king or an emperor who would govern their kingdom or empire according to their own set of laws. For example, in olden days if someone stole something or killed someone, he would be fined or even sentenced to death.

In some parts of the world, the law (when implemented fairly) has protected the rights of individuals. After the WWII, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in the UN general assembly. The citizens of the countries that adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in full or part enjoyed full protection of their rights in contrast to the citizens of other countries without the law. The violation rate of human rights in Europe reduced to a great extent after the implementation of law. Similar results were achieved in North America, Japan and some other countries. Implementation of the law protected the rights of individuals in these countries and no one bothered to go out and fight for his/her rights. However, lawlessness in countries like Afghanistan, Ethiopia and some other conflicted countries of the world produced catastrophic consequences. Many rights are not given to citizens of these countries but taken away. It would not be an exaggeration to say in a country like Afghanistan lawlessness is one of the major reasons for terrorism, corruption and the loss of thousands of human lives.

Unfortunately, law cannot guarantee the rights of individuals all the time. There have been many occasions in history that discriminatory laws were enforced against a particular group of people to legalise their persecution.

For example, in the 18th century institutionalised racism was practised against the black population of America. Various discriminatory laws were devised to deny the Black populations their basic rights. They were forced into slavery. Most of the court’s decisions against blacks encouraged the whites to continue their oppression and maltreatment of the black population. Violence against blacks and riots broke out in the country. No one was held accountable for their inhumane behaviour and treatment of the blacks.

Similarly, the Nazi regime used several discriminatory laws to justify the genocide of Jews in Germany. Jews were asked to pay a heavy amount of money in order to escape the miseries and sufferings of the forthcoming laws. Only a few wealthy Jews could afford to pay the money and leave Germany, but most of them stayed in Germany to endure the brutality of the Nazi regime. Jews were blamed for the defeat of Germany in World War One. Hitler introduced a new law in which Jews were declared “Untermenschen” – The Sub Humans. Jews lost their German citizenship under the new law and the marriage between Jews and Germans were prohibited. It was illegal for Germans to shop at Jewish-owned shops. On buses, parks and trains Jews were allocated specific seats. Even a night curfew was imposed on Jews.

After introducing several harsh discriminatory laws against Jews, Hitler implemented his final solution. When Nazis captured Hungary in 1944, they started the deportation of Jews of Sighet. First, the Jews were forced into small ghettos, and after two days were packed in trains and deported to Birkenau. In Birkenau families were separated, men and boys on one side, and women and girls on the other. Wiesel (who survived the holocaust and wrote the book “Night”) and his father were separated from his mother and sister and they never saw each other again. Jewish men and boys were then divided into two groups; those who were fit to work and those who were good for nothing but the fuel of the furnace. Wiesel and his father were taken to one of the work camps of Auschwitz: Buna. Even whilst they were fed inadequately, the Jewish prisoners were required to work harder normal. Some Jews lost their lives in the Birkenau furnaces, others perished in the freezing cold, and still more in the work camps. After a period of harsh treatment and intense labour, Wiesel’s father died of dysentery. Very few Jews (Wiesel was among them) survived the harsh and painful treatment of the Nazis and were liberated by the American army in 1945.

In summary, if the law is implemented fairly and equally, it can protect the rights of individuals. Murders, robberies, terrorism and other crimes can be prevented, and citizens can live peaceful and happy lives. Europe, North America and Japan are some of the examples of when law protects the rights of the individuals. On the other hand, if the law is twisted and used to justify the persecution of minorities, it cannot protect the rights of individuals. The treatment of Jews in Germany and Blacks in America are two unfortunate cases when law could not protect the rights of individuals.

Uranium extraction in Australia

Uranium Mining?

Uranium Mining?

Uranium is a grey radioactive metal which is used as a fuel in nuclear reactors to generate electricity. Uranium was discovered in 1789 by Martin Klaproth, a German chemist, and it was named after the planet Uranus. Uranium is one of the rare elements found in the earth’s crust and makes only 0.00018% of Earth’s crust. Uranium is also found in seawater, and can be extracted from the oceans. Like other elements, uranium can vary in different forms which are known as “Isotopes”.
It is estimated that about 31% of the total uranium of the world is found in Australia. Uranium mining started in 1954 in Australia. Three different methods are adopted to mine uranium. Uranium is extracted at Beverley and Honeymoon mines using the In-situ Recovery (ISR) method, while Under-Ground and Open-Pit mining are adopted at Olympic dam and Ranger mine respectively.
Uranium sites have been discovered in WA, SA, NT and QLD. At present only four uranium mines are operating. Olympic Dam, Beverly & Honeymoon mines are located in South Australia and the Ranger mine in Northern Territory.
Unlike the other countries of the world, Australia does not use uranium to generate nuclear energy nor are they planning to do in near future. Australia uses uranium in research and to make special medicines for the treatment of cancer. Uranium is also used in the production of different electronics devices.
Australia earns approximately $1070m by exporting 6950 tons of Uranium Oxide annually. There are about 4200 workers working in uranium mines. In addition to this, the Commonwealth also generate revenue by collecting tax from uranium mining companies.
Anti-Uranium mining groups argue that Australia does not earn enough money from mining companies and the negative impact on the environment does not justify the revenue raised from the mining. The workers and local populations are exposed to several fatal diseases such as Leukaemia, lung and stomach cancer, kidney diseases and birth defects in infants. In the Northern Territory, local aboriginal communities have been affected with many of these diseases.
Uranium is not an adequate source to generate power. It provides only 2% of world’s primary energy. Power generation from nuclear reactors is an unnecessary risk taken by many countries of the world and Australia provides them the fuel to do so. In 2011, Fukushima Nuclear reactor disaster affected at least 160,000 people, forcing them to abandon their houses and with many losing their lives in this tragedy. Uranium is also used to make the Atom bomb that can kill thousands of innocent masses in a blink of an eye.
On the other hand, pro-uranium mining groups argue that uranium mining is not as dangerous as the environmentalists propagate. It is an efficient source of generating clean energy and helps reduce the greenhouse gases from atmosphere. Uranium is also used to manufacture medicines and other electronic devices. They also argue that uranium mining helps Australian economy. Australia exports $1070m uranium annually. The Commonwealth also generates money by collecting taxes from uranium companies. Furthermore, Uranium mining companies employ about 4200 workers in remote areas of Australia where jobs are very scarce. Moreover, Australia exports uranium only to those countries that are committed to the peaceful usages of uranium.
The Australian government and uranium mining companies always campaign for uranium mining. They spend lots of money in order to convince the people that uranium mining is safe and beneficial for Australia. On the other hand, environmentalists and some organizations, such as Friends of the Earth and others, have consistently campaigned against uranium mining for quite a long time. Means in which they have demonstrated their protest is through rallies and seminars where they try to convince the Australian public that uranium mining is neither safe nor beneficial for either Australia or the rest of the world.
I believe Australia should not mine and export uranium. First of all, the profits raised from uranium mining is does not justify the environmental and health hazards that this mining can cause. It can cause lots of fatal diseases such leukaemia, cancer and many other diseases. Uranium mining uses lots of water and then the contaminated water is dumped into rivers, lakes or underground. Uranium maybe used to make atom bomb that can kill thousands of people. In addition to this, any technical fault in nuclear reactor can result into a catastrophic incident.

 

Hallett Cove

Sugar Loaf at Hallett Cove

Sugar Loaf at Hallett Cove

It is believed that Australia was part of Gondwana supercontinent about 280 million years ago. Gondwana was covered by an icecap and it was moving towards the South Pole. 280m years ago (Permian times), ice caps covered approximately two-thirds of the southern region of the Australian continent. This icecap was at least 1 kilometre thick. The icecap was moving in a north-westerly direction over Australia. Striations left behind from the movement of the icecap can be seen at Hallett Cove.
Boulders found on the beach at Hallett Cove date back to 270m years go. These boulders contain fine rock flour and coarser materials that formed boulders when accumulating on the bottom of lakes within the giant ice-caps. As these giant ice-caps melted away the boulders were left scattered.
About 43m years ago, Australia separated from Gondwana supercontinent. As the climate got warmer and ice melted, water levels in Gulf St Vincent rose and caused water erosion in the Mt Lofty Ranges.
Sandstones seen at Hallett Cove are shell shaped, these are actually fossilised remains of seashells that use to inhabit the sandy shallow sea bed.
Another important geological change occurred about ½ million years ago. Layers of limestone were developed in the surface soils around the amphitheatre.
The Hallet Cover area has experienced inconsistent weather patterns since its formation 270m years ago. These alternating weather patterns have helped shape the Cove to its current day state.
Fossils of extinct megafauna, such as Diprotodon and giant kangaroo, have been found near the Filed River inland from the Hallett Cove beach which date back 100,000 years. It is also believed that the Amphitheatre got its present shape due to erosion around this time. These processes are still evident today, as the Hallett Cove region and the Mount Lofty Ranges are still being uplifted, resulting in erosion and sedimentation.
Hallett Cove is an outstanding geological and archaeological site that contains history dating back to 280 million years ago during the ice age. Site folded siltstone, sandstones and quartzites of the Delamerian Highlands can be located within the cliffs at Black Cliff and on the shore platform to the north. Hallet Cove is also home to more than 17,000 Aboriginal artefacts. The best record the Permian glaciation during the Australian ice age can be seen through the glacial pavements along the northern cliff tops.Striations left on the rocks at the Hallett Cove tell the tale of supercontinent Gondwana, megafauna, glaciers that covered the earth and ancient tribes that roamed the land at that time. These factors have resulted in Hallett Cove being regarded as a unique geological and archaeological site, nationally and internationally. This site is used recreationally, educationally and scientifically by various members of the community.

Review: Sadako and The Thousand Paper Cranes (Elener Coerr)

Image: Penguin.com.au

It is a biography book about the life of a young Japanese girl who was affected by nuclear radiation in the Japanese city of Hiroshimain 1945. She died of Leukaemia (disease caused by Nuclear Weapon). It is a true story of young girl who suffered from war like thousands of other innocent people who do not have anything to do with the war. In this book there is a message of peace and the sense of never giving up for everyone. This book is about the destruction and thunderbolt that nuclear weapon can cause. The writer says that it can affect thousands of innocent people like Sadako who have nothing to do with the war.

Sadako has dark hair with highlights from the sun. She is tall with long legs. She is quite impatient girl. She likes festivals, people, gathering and music. She was born to be a runner. Once her mother said about her, “She learned to run before she could walk.” She was the second children of Sasaki family. She had two brothers and one sister. She always thinks of her family. She does not want worry her family when she feels sick. She wishes to be with her family all the time. She cares about nothing but her family and getting into the racing team of junior high school. She likes to go everywhere. She is hard worker and practices running every day. She wishes to get into the racing team of junior high school next year. She cared about nothing but her family and getting into the racing team of junior high school. She is optimistic. Although, she is diagnosed with Leukaemia but again she hopes to recover soon and prays to get healthy. She works hard to fold 1000 paper cranes to get a wish. She is brave until the end.

Chizuko is Sadako’s best friend. She wishes Sadako to recover soon. She even find a remedy for Sadako’s illness. She brings a pair of scissors and papers for Sadako and teaches her how to fold paper cranes. She tells Sadako that if she folds 1000 paper cranes then she will get a wish no matter what so ever her wish is and thus she might recover from Leukaemia. Sadako had loving parents; Mr. and Mrs. Sasaki. They had a barber shop and were not that rich. Her older brother Massahiro, was quite helpful for her. He offered his help to hang 1000 paper cranes for her. Her sister Mitsu 9, used to help her in household chores and tried to make her happy. She had a younger brother Eiji 6, whom she always used to help to get ready for school. When she was hospitalized, Eiji used to bring paper for her to fold them into paper cranes.

The story starts with celebration of PEACE DAY. Sadako, her family and her friend Chizuko attend the Peace Day ceremony in the memorial of those whom they lost in a deadly atomic bomb attack by U.S in Hiroshima city of Japan in 1945. She was quite excited to attend the ceremony as she will find lots of people there and she will be able to eat her favourite food there. After some days, there was going to be a race on the Big Friday. Since Sadako was a passionate runner so she was eager to join the race. She was born to be a runner. She entered the race and emerged as a winner. She then focused on her preparation to break into the racing team of junior high school next year. But soon she found that while running,

she was feeling a bit dizzy and unwell. At first, she did not take it serious. But one day, when she was running in her school she fell down quite awkwardly; on trying to get up she again fell. She was then taken to hospital and to her great surprise she was found to be suffering from Leukaemia. At first she could not believe her eyes that she was down with Leukaemia. She was very disappointed when she learned that she had to stay in hospital for a long time. Thus, she was going to miss the chance to get into the racing team of junior high school. She was angry with herself as she thought that she was worrying her family with her illness. It was hard time as she never had been so lonely in her entire life.

Sadako had a very good and caring friend, Chizuko. Chizuko was quite worried about the illness of her friend. She even found a way to help Sadako recover from Leukaemia. One day when Sadako was in hospital, she brought papers and pair of scissors for her. She taught her how to fold paper cranes. She told Sadako that if she manages to fold 1000 paper cranes she would get a wish no matter whatsoever her wish might be. Thus she might recover from her illness. Sadako then started folding paper cranes. Her brother hung the paper cranes to the ceiling to her. Her family, class mates and even the nurse were collecting paper for her to fold them into paper cranes. But Sadako was not doing quite well. Day by day her condition was worsening but she never gave up. She was encouraging even a fellow patient, a young boy named Kenji not to lose hope. She always tried to show as if she is happy and healthy whenever her family paid her a visit as she did not want to worry them. In midway to 1000, she started feeling well. It seemed as if the paper cranes have started showing their magic. She recovered so much that the doctor allowed her to go back to her home. She was delighted and she started thinking about the junior high school’s racing team. Alas! She could stay only for one week at home before she was hospitalized once again. She passed that one week mostly in receiving the guests and visitors who had come to ask about her healthy. She did pass a good, happy week with her family. This time she was getting weaker and weaker rapidly. She could not eat anymore. Even she could not fold paper cranes anymore. She was lying in her bed all the time. Her mother made a very beautiful   dress (KIMONO) for her but she could hardly wear the cloth and walk in the room. Now and then she was wondering how it feels to die. Will she be living a good life after death? One day her family came to pay her a visit. While they were talking with each other, Sadako fell asleep.
And she never woke up.

Sadako’s story is a message of peace for the world. She was a courageous and hardworking girl. Though she was diagnosed with Leukaemia but she did not give up hope to make into the racing team of the junior high school. She had love for everyone in her heart. She used to enjoy her time in the company of her family and friends. She was a caring girl. She did not want to worry her family due to her illness. She always wanted to see them happy and cheerful.

Since her childhood, Elener Coerr was interested in Japan. She always wanted to visit Japan one day. 1949, She visited Japan. During her stay, she heard many stories about Sadako’s

running ability, courage and her tragic death caused by Leukaemia (Atomic bomb radiation). She was so much inspired by the story of young girl Sadako that she decided to write a book about her life. She tries to convey the message of peace to the people of the world while narrating Sadako’s story.

Sadako and the Thousand Paper Cranes is a peaceful struggle to convince the people of the world to give up fighting. The writer wishes the earth to be a peaceful place to live for everyone. She beautifully describes about Sadako’s life. She covers the life of Sadako as well as the horrible consequences of war. Through Sadako’s courage, determination and the sense of never giving up she wants to teach to all her readers these lessons. Everyone shall find it interesting. It is full of pathos, hope and courage. She represents Sadako’s life completely; her passion to win the race, her love for her family and friends and even her favourite food.

I believe every one once should read this book in their life. At the end of the book they might be able to understand how harmful and devastating the war can be for human races.
They might start feeling some pain in their heart for fellow human being who is suffering from war in different part of the world. This is a great book by Elener Coerr and it does deserve to be perused at least once by the lovers of peace and fellow human being.

Should students wear school uniform? Argument Essay (Sample)

Should students have to wear school uniforms?

There is a keenly debated discussion within Australian schools over whether or not students should have to wear school uniforms. I believe that students should wear uniforms. In my opinion school uniforms can help reduce bullying rates in schools. I also believe that they can bring a sense of equality between students. Given that school uniforms are cost-effective I see no reason why all school students should not be wearing school uniforms.

School uniforms can reduce bullying rates in schools. Bullying is a particularly big issue in Australian schools, partly because of the cultural diversity among Australian students. All these cultural groups have values and beliefs that are unique to one another. Often, students tease and bully one another because of their cultural differences. Bullying will often result in students experiencing sadness, anger and even getting involved in fights. I think that wearing uniforms will help students see one another as individuals and as equals, and not judge one another based simply on their culture. I strongly believe that uniforms can help prevent culture-based bullying.

Uniforms can also foster a sense of equality between students. Some students come from wealthy family backgrounds, whereas some students grow up in poorer family environments. Choice of clothing for these poorer students is a big issue as fashion is used by these students as a key status-symbol. Through their fashion they try to be seen as equals to other students. I firmly believe that if all students wear uniforms then status would not be an issue for poorer students. Uniforms will enable all students to focus on their studies.

School uniforms are also cost-effective. All students can afford school uniforms. Students who do not wear uniforms have to wear different clothes at least twice a week. This can be a very expensive way of dressing for school. On the other hand, students who wear school uniforms have to purchase uniforms only once in a year. They can wear this uniform every day of the year.

In conclusion, I believe that there are many benefits to wearing school uniforms. I believe that they are affordable, that they reduce bullying rates in schools and that they foster a sense of equality in schools. For these reasons I believe that all students should wear uniforms.

Lines from Count of Monte Cristo

Book: Count of Monte Cristo by Alexander Dumas
The Book Count of Monte Cristo is indeed a great classic. You find hope, right and wrong, suffering, revenge, relations and suspense in this book. There are some lines that you can not live without sharing them with others. I am also going to share some lines here.

“Life is a storm, my young friend. You will bask in the sunlight one moment, be shattered on the rocks the next. What makes you a man is what you do when that storm comes. You must look into that storm and shout as you did in Rome. Do your worst, for I will do mine! Then the fates will know you as we know you.”
“There is neither happiness nor misery in the world; there is only the comparison of one state with another, nothing more. He who has felt the deepest grief is best able to experience supreme happiness. We must of felt what it is to die, Morrel, that we may appreciate the enjoyments of life.“Live, then, and be happy, beloved children of my heart, and never forget, that until the day God will deign to reveal the future to man, all human wisdom is contained in these two words, ‘Wait and Hope.”“The friends we have lost do not repose under the ground…they are buried deep in our hearts. It has been thus ordained that they may always accompany us.”

“Misfortune is needed to plumb certain mysterious depths in the understanding of men; pressure is needed to explode the charge. My captivity concentrated all my faculties on a single point. They had previously been dispersed, now they clashed in a narrow space; and, as you know, the clash of clouds produces electricity, electricity produces lightning and lightning gives light.”“Ah, lips that say one thing, while the heart thinks another.”“Perhaps what I am about to say may seem strange to you, who are socialists, and vaunt humanity and your duty to your neighbor, but I never seek to protect a society which does not protect me, and which I will even say, generally occupies itself about me only to injure me; and thus by giving them a low place in my esteem, and preserving a neutrality towards them, it is society and my neighbor who are indebted to me.”

“… for in prosperity prayers seem but a mere medley of words, until misfortune comes and the unhappy sufferer first understands the meaning of the sublime language in which he invokes the pity of heaven!”

Sister

SISTER

How blessed and fortunate is the brother
If he is accompanied by his sister
always cared by a sincere carer
always loved by a sincere lover

Always wish to assist her brother
with joy and pleasure
Shielding him from woes
Protecting him against his foes

Her support is always their for her brother
When every helping hand is vanished
Her affection is always their for her brother
When by every one; he is despised and banished

Oh, the old days

Oh, the old days

Oh, the old days that passed betwixt thee and me
Oh, those moments, beneath the shady tree
Now fallen in a foreign land
and detained on a foreign land

The way we joked, laughed and cackled
The way we roamed the meadows and fields
all cheery, life was merry
all blessed, nothing concealed

Everything vanished in a glimpse of an eye
Now left apart to sigh and sigh
O’God! where is liberty and noble friends?
Return the old days and the old friends

Upright Kids

Joy, love and sport is their life
Nothing can deprive them of a merry life
Never inhibited by penury or awes
Upright kids live a merry life

Far from envy, far from prejudice
Upright kids live a merry life
Distinction, discrimination;
mean nothing to them
Upright kids live a merry life

Hatred, feuds and bloody fights
Pride, haughty and dislikes
These all vices of life
Comprise our elder’s life

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